Roulette is a gambling staple. Whichever casino you play at, be it online or land based, never will you miss roulette on the list of games available. It has stood the test of time from back in the 17th century when it was first played by the French, to date. Still, gamblers from all over beg for more.

The game, while mysterious in its own rights, is easy to understand. Roulette involves four principal actions; the dealing of the croupier, the rotation of the roulette wheel, the scatter of the ball and the placing of bets. The players place bets (guess the pocket in which the ball will fall ). The croupier spins the the ball on the wheel’s outer rim. The ball eventually falls into a pocket. The croupier calls out the winning number and makes all payouts before another round starts.

The Ball

The ball, normally 18mm or 21mm in diameter, is often made of ivory. Teflon could also be used as a substitute. Balls are usually proportional to the dimensions of the wheel and non-magnetic.

The Roulette Wheel

There are many versions of the roulette wheel. The only common factor is that all wheels have pockets, the pockets are colored either red, black or green and all wheels have frets. Most pockets are made into metal blocks while some are scalloped. In European Roulette, the wheel has 37 pockets which are numbered from 0-36 in a clockwise sequence. In American roulette, the wheel has 38 pockets, numbered 0-36 in an anticlockwise sequence with an added 00 pocket. The 0 and 00 pockets are green while the remaining are an equal number of red and black. Adjacent numbers of the same color are never put next to each other. Even and odd numbers are also evenly distributed. Low and high numbers alternate as often as possible. Frets are metal separations between pockets. Some are even in height while others drop towards the center thus enabling the ball to jump to another pocket. Others are curved to give gamblers a challenging time. Either way, they keep coming back.